Francesco Romani

Francesco Romani

Research Fellow

Areas of expertise

International Humanitarian Law  /  International Human Rights Law  /  International Cultural Heritage Law  /  International Responsibility and Litigation  /  Theory of Sovereignty

Dr Francesco Romani is a Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy. He works on the IHL Expert Pool project and contributes to the Geneva Academy’s activities on evolving themes in international humanitarian law (IHL).

His research interests include IHL, international cultural heritage law, human rights law, international responsibility and litigation, and the theory of sovereignty.

Francesco is also a chargé d'enseignement at the Lille Catholic University. Prior to joining the Geneva Academy, he was a post-doctoral researcher at the Art-Law Centre of the University of Geneva and Principal Investigator for the Swiss National Science Foundation project ‘The Temporal Dimension of Sovereignty in Light of the Restitution of Cultural Artefacts’. He also worked for the International Committee of the Red Cross’ Customary International Humanitarian Law Project at the Lauterpacht Centre and was a Research Associate at Wolfson College (University of Cambridge). Francesco has conducted legal research in academic centres (Harvard Law School Program on International Law and Armed Conflict, Geneva Graduate Institute’s Global Governance Centre) and policy-oriented organizations (Interpeace, Justice Rapid Response).

Francesco holds a PhD in International Law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies of Geneva. During his doctoral studies, he was a Grotius Research Scholar at the University of Michigan Law School and a Visiting Researcher at Harvard Law School. His research on belligerent reprisals and their formalization under international law will be published in Belligerent Reprisals from Enforcement to Reciprocity: A New Theory of Retaliation in Conflict (CUP, forthcoming).

Research Projects

A session of the UN Human Rights Council Project

IHL Expert Pool

The IHL-EP works to strengthen the capacity of human rights mechanisms to incorporate IHL into their work in an efficacious and comprehensive manner. By so doing, it aims to address the normative and practical challenges that human rights bodies encounter when dealing with cases in which IHL applies.

Read more >


Cover page of the article

Guelph Treasure – Alan Philipp, Gerald G. Stiebel and Jed R. Leiber v. Germany and Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation

June 2021

Francesco Romani, Chechi Alessandro, Renold Marc-André

Platform ArThemis, Art-Law Centre, University of Geneva

View More >

Blog post page

August 12th: Hopes and Wishes?

August 2020

Francesco Romani, British Red Cross – ICRC Customary IHL Research Team

ICRC Humanitarian Law and Policy Blog

View More >

Cover page of the book

Targeted Killings and the Punishment of Enemy Leaders


Francesco Romani

Besson Samantha (ed.), International Responsibility – Essays in Law, History and Philosophy, Schulthess

View More >