12 January 2021
Ezequiel Heffes works as a Thematic Legal Adviser at Geneva Call, a humanitarian NGO that engages armed non-State actors to increase their level of compliance with humanitarian norms. He graduated from the Geneva Academy in 2013, and since then he has worked in the humanitarian sphere, first as an ICRC Delegate in Colombia, Afghanistan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and then at Geneva Call.
At Geneva Call, he is in charge of certain thematic files, notably health care, child protection issues and landmines. He has given advice to colleagues on these files, and delivered trainings to numerous stakeholders, including armed actors, on humanitarian norms. He has also participated in bilateral meetings to discuss their understanding and interpretation of these norms, as well as the challenges they may face when attempting to comply with the applicable legal framework.
In my view, the LLM has three strengths. First, it is based in Geneva, which allows students to be in touch with different specialized organizations and scholars working on various areas of international law. Second, it is taught by some of the most influential specialists in the field. In addition to their knowledge of the subject-matters, they bring a real-life experience that is difficult to find elsewhere. Third, once you come to the Geneva Academy, you are part of a bigger community of individuals spread around the world. Geneva Academy’s alumni can be found working at the UN and its various branches and bodies, ICRC, governments, NGOs and international criminal tribunals. Many of my former classmates are now colleagues with whom I have professional exchanges in different fora.
The combination of core courses and optional ones also represents an added value of the programme, as it allows students to have some flexibility on the topics they want to study. The teaching assistants (TAs) also deserve to be mentioned. By assisting in much-needed tutorials, they serve as an excellent complement to the professors and lecturers.
It is obviously difficult to select just a few. The study trip to Solferino is definitely the first one that comes to my mind. We were accompanied by the Directors of the Geneva Academy at the time, all the TAs and the students. The trip was one of the highlights of the year. I also remember with great appreciation the exchanges we had with my classmates when preparing for the tutorials and exams.
It was one of the most important steps I have taken. Thanks to the Geneva Academy I was able to do a professionalizing experience at the ICRC, a humanitarian organization for which I worked after finalizing the LLM. In addition, studying at the Geneva Academy allowed me to develop a structure for legal reasoning, something I did not have before coming to Geneva. Not only I have gained in substance, I believe that the Geneva Academy also provides the tools that allow students to produce better legal argumentation.
Yes, I do. The analytical structure one acquires at the Geneva Academy is probably unique, and it has served me throughout the years in various positions and for different discussions, such as on the notion of protected person in IHL, the extraterritorial application of international human rights law and the interplay between these two branches.
We are launching today a one-month crowdfunding campaign to raise funds for a scholarship to allow a talented European student with limited means and resources to follow our LLM in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights.
Applications for the 2023–2024 academic year of our LLM in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights are open. They will run until 27 January 2023 for applications with a scholarship and until 23 February 2023 for applications without a scholarship.
At this book launch, one of the book’s editors will discuss cultural heritage and mass atrocities with contributors to the book and specialists.
This IHL Talk will address today's place of nuclear weapons, including their humanitarian impact, the impact of technological advancements, the relevance of the deterrence narrative and implications on the international legal framework.
UN Photo / Jean-Marc Ferré
This training course will explore the origin and evolution of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) and its functioning in Geneva and will focus on the nature of implementation of the UPR recommendations at the national level.
This online short course discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
This project will explore humanitarian consequences and protection needs caused by the digitalization of armed conflicts and the extent to which these needs are addressed by international law, especially international humanitarian law.
Dave Klassen/The EITI
This project aimed at identifying and clarifying policies and practices for states and businesses, including public and private investors, across the full ‘conflict cycle’ and the ‘protect, respect and remedy’ pillars of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.